Saturday, July 5, 2008
Arapsko pismo se cita s desna na lijevo.Arapski alfabet ima 28 slova[harfova],koja sluze kao znakovi za suglasnike ili konsonante.U arapskom jeziku nema posebnih slova za oznaku samoglasnika ili vokala,nego za samoglasnike sluze posebni znaci,koji se stavljaju nad suglasnike ili ispod njih.Vecina arapskih slova ima razlicite oblike prema tome da li slovo stoji samo ili je vezano za koje drugo.
The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing languages such as Arabic, Kurdish, Persian, Urdu, and others. Arabic is written from right to left, and is written in a cursive style of script. There are 28 basic letters in the Arabic alphabet.
The Arabic alphabet has 28 basic letters. Adaptations of Arabic script for other languages, such the Malay Arabic script, have additional letters. There are no distinct upper and lower case letter forms.
Both printed and written Arabic are cursive, with most of the letters directly connected to the letter that immediately follows. Each individual letter can have up to four distinct forms, based on its position within in the word. These forms are:
Initial: at the beginning of a word; or in the middle of a word, after a non-connecting letter.
Medial: between two connecting letters (non-connecting letters lack a medial form).
Final: at the end of a word following a connecting letter.
Isolated: at the end of a word following a non-connecting letter; or used independently.
Some letters look almost the same in all four forms, while others show considerable variety. In addition, some letter combinations are written as ligatures (special shapes), including lām-ʼalif. Many letters look similar but are distinguished from one another by dots above or below their central part, called iʼjam. The dots are an integral part of the letter, not diacritics, because they distinguish completely different letters (and sounds). For example, the Arabic letters transliterated as b and t have the same basic shape, but b has one dot below, ب, and t has two dots above, ت.
الأبجدية العربية تتكون من 28 حرف هم أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ك ل م ن هـ و ي
هناك لغات أخرى تستعمل الأبجدية العربية للكتابة ومنها: الأردو والفارسية والكشميرية والبشتونية والطاجيكية والتركستانية (زنجيانگ) والكردية وبهاسا (بروناي وآتشه وجاوي ماليزيا).
Posted by Bosnian hijab girl at Saturday, July 05, 2008